Removing your problematic teeth

Sometimes, despite our best efforts to save and restore a damaged tooth, extraction may be the only option to protect your oral health and prevent further complications.

What are extractions?

Tooth extractions are dental procedures that involve removing a tooth from its socket in the jawbone. Tooth extractions may be necessary for various reasons, such as:

  • Severe tooth decay or infection that cannot be treated by other methods.
  • Tooth damage or fracture that cannot be repaired by other methods.
  • Impacted tooth that cannot erupt properly and causes pain or problems for the adjacent teeth.
  • Crowded teeth that interfere with the alignment or function of the bite.
  • Medical conditions that require the removal of compromised teeth, such as chemotherapy or organ transplant.

Why do I need an extraction?

You may need an extraction if you have a tooth that is:

  • Severely decayed or infected
  • Broken or cracked beyond repair
  • Impacted or trapped under the gums
  • Loosened by gum disease or bone loss
  • Crowding or interfering with other teeth

Your dentist will examine your mouth, take digital x-rays, and discuss your symptoms and goals with you. They will explain the benefits and risks of extraction, as well as the alternatives, such as root canal therapy or dental implants. They will also answer any questions you may have and help you make an informed decision.

What are the benefits of extractions?

An extraction can provide relief from pain and discomfort caused by a damaged or infected tooth. It can also prevent further damage or infection to your surrounding teeth, gums, and bone. An extraction can improve your oral health and function, as well as your appearance and confidence.

What are the drawbacks of extractions?

An extraction is generally a safe and effective procedure, but like any surgery, it may involve some risks, such as:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Dry socket (a condition where the blood clot in the socket dislodges or dissolves, exposing the bone and nerve)
  • Nerve injury (a rare complication that can cause numbness, tingling, or pain in the lips, tongue, or chin)
  • Sinus problems (a rare complication that can occur when an upper molar is extracted and a communication between the mouth and sinus is created)

These risks are usually minor and treatable, but they can be reduced by following your dentist’s instructions and contacting them if you have any concerns.

How is an extraction done?

There are two types of extractions: simple and surgical. A simple extraction is done when the tooth is visible and easily accessible in the mouth. A surgical extraction is done when the tooth is partially or fully hidden under the gums or bone. The steps of an extraction are:

The Procedure

  • Your dentist will numb the area around the tooth with a local anesthetic to ensure your comfort during the procedure.
  • If you have dental anxiety or prefer to be more relaxed, your dentist may also offer sedation options, such as nitrous oxide (laughing gas) or oral medication.
  • Your dentist will use special instruments to loosen and remove the tooth from its socket. If the tooth is impacted or difficult to extract, your dentist may need to cut the gums or bone around the tooth, or divide the tooth into smaller pieces.
  • Your dentist will place a gauze pad over the extraction site and ask you to bite down gently to stop the bleeding. They may also place a few stitches to close the wound and promote healing.
  • Your dentist will give you post-operative instructions on how to care for your mouth and prevent complications, such as infection or dry socket. They will also prescribe painkillers or antibiotics if needed.
  • Your dentist will schedule a follow-up appointment to check your healing and remove any stitches.

What are my options after an extraction?

After an extraction, it is important to replace the missing tooth as soon as possible to prevent problems with the surrounding teeth, such as shifting, drifting, or tilting. You can discuss your tooth replacement options with your dentist during your initial consultation. 

Some of the options include:

Your dentist will help you choose the best option for your situation, depending on your needs, preferences, budget, and oral health.

If you have any questions about extractions or want to schedule an appointment, please contact us today.

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Contact Us Today

If you are interested in extractions or want to learn more about it, please contact us today to schedule a consultation. We will be happy to answer any questions you may have and help you achieve the smile of your dreams. We look forward to hearing from you soon!